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Step Level Memoization

v2.10 and after


Workflows often have outputs that are expensive to compute. This feature reduces cost and workflow execution time by memoizing previously run steps: it stores the outputs of a template into a specified cache with a variable key.

Cache Method

Currently, caching can only be performed with config-maps. This allows you to easily manipulate cache entries manually through kubectl and the Kubernetes API without having to go through Argo.

Using Memoization

Memoization is set at the template level. You must specify a key, which can be static strings but more often depend on inputs. You must also specify a name for the config-map cache.

kind: Workflow
   generateName: memoized-workflow-
   entrypoint: whalesay
      - name: whalesay
           key: "{{inputs.parameters.message}}"
                 name: whalesay-cache


In order to use memoization it is necessary to add the verbs create and update to the configmaps resource for the appropriate (cluster) roles. In the case of a cluster install the argo-cluster-role cluster role should be updated, whilst for a namespace install the argo-role role should be updated.


  1. If you see errors like error creating cache entry: ConfigMap \"reuse-task\" is invalid: []: Too long: must have at most 1048576 characters, this is due to the 1MB limit placed on the size of ConfigMap. Here are a couple of ways that might help resolve this:
    • Delete the existing ConfigMap cache or switch to use a different cache.
    • Reduce the size of the output parameters for the nodes that are being memoized.
    • Split your cache into different memoization keys and cache names so that each cache entry is small.


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